Volume 1 Issue 1
March  2021
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Jingyang Zhang, Ziqing Zhou, Zhibo Zhang, Minhyuk Park, Qing Yu, Zhen Li, Jiang Ma, Anding Wang, Huogen Huang, Min Song, Baisong Guo, Qing Wang, Yong Yang. Recent development of chemically complex metallic glasses: from accelerated compositional design, additive manufacturing to novel applications[J]. Materials Futures, 2022, 1(1): 012001. doi: 10.1088/2752-5724/ac4558
Citation: Jingyang Zhang, Ziqing Zhou, Zhibo Zhang, Minhyuk Park, Qing Yu, Zhen Li, Jiang Ma, Anding Wang, Huogen Huang, Min Song, Baisong Guo, Qing Wang, Yong Yang. Recent development of chemically complex metallic glasses: from accelerated compositional design, additive manufacturing to novel applications[J]. Materials Futures, 2022, 1(1): 012001. doi: 10.1088/2752-5724/ac4558
Topical Review •

Recent development of chemically complex metallic glasses: from accelerated compositional design, additive manufacturing to novel applications

© 2022 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of the Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory
Materials Futures, Volume 1, Number 1
  • Received Date: 2021-11-01
  • Accepted Date: 2021-12-21
  • Publish Date: 2022-02-14
  • Metallic glasses (MGs) or amorphous alloys are an important engineering material that has a history of research of about 80–90 years. While different fast cooling methods were developed for multi-component MGs between 1960s and 1980s, 1990s witnessed a surge of research interest in the development of bulk metallic glasses (BGMs). Since then, one central theme of research in the metallic-glass community has been compositional design that aims to search for MGs with a better glass forming ability, a larger size and/or more interesting properties, which can hence meet the demands from more important applications. In this review article, we focus on the recent development of chemically complex MGs, such as high entropy MGs, with new tools that were not available or mature yet until recently, such as the state-of-the-art additive manufacturing technologies, high throughput materials design techniques and the methods for big data analyses (e.g. machine learning and artificial intelligence). We also discuss the recent use of MGs in a variety of novel and important applications, from personal healthcare, electric energy transfer to nuclear energy that plays a pivotal role in the battle against global warming.

  • loading
  • [1]
    Kramer J 1937 Der amorphe Zustand der Metalle Z. Phys. 106 675–91
    Brenner A, Couch D E and Williams E K 1950 Electrodeposition of alloys of phosphorus with nickel or cobalt J. Res. Natl Bur. Stand. 44 109
    Klement W, Willens R and Duwez P 1960 Non-crystalline structure in solidified gold–silicon alloys Nature 187 869–70
    Chen H S and Turnbull D 1968 Evidence of a glass-liquid transition in a gold-germanium-silicon alloy J. Chem. Phys. 48 2560–71
    Chen H S 1974 Thermodynamic considerations on the formation and stability of metallic glasses Acta Metall. 22 1505–11
    Kui H W, Greer A L and Turnbull D 1984 Formation of bulk metallic glass by fluxing Appl. Phys. Lett. 45 615–6
    Inoue A, Zhang T and Masumoto T 1990 Production of amorphous cylinder and sheet of La55Al25Ni20 alloy by a metallic mold casting method Mater. Trans. JIM 31 425–8
    Inoue A, Zhang T and Masumoto T 1990 Zr-Al-Ni amorphous alloys with high glass transition temperature and significant supercooled liquid region Mater. Trans. JIM 31 177–83
    Peker A and Johnson W L 1993 A highly processable metallic glass: zr41.2Ti13.8Cu12.5Ni10.0Be22.5 Appl. Phys. Lett. 63 2342–4
    Lindsay Greer A 1993 Confusion by design Nature 366 303–4
    Inoue A 2000 Stabilization of metallic supercooled liquid Acta Mater. 48 279–306
    Suryanarayana C and Inoue A 2011 Bulk Metallic Glasses (Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press) (n.d.) (https://doi.org/ 10.1201/9781315153483)
    Luo Q and Wang W H 2009 Rare earth based bulk metallic glasses J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355 759–75
    Tang M B, Bai H Y, Pan M X, Zhao D Q and Wang W H 2005 Bulk metallic superconductive La60Cu20Ni 10Al10 glass J. Non-Cryst. Solids 351 2572–5
    Zhang B, Pan M X, Zhao D Q and Wang W H 2004 ‘Soft’ bulk metallic glasses based on cerium Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 61–3
    Zhao Z F, Zhang Z, Wen P, Pan M X, Zhao D Q, Wang W H and Wang W L 2003 A highly glass-forming alloy with low glass transition temperature Appl. Phys. Lett. 82 4699–701
    Zhou Z Q, He Q F, Liu X D, Wang Q, Luan J H, Liu C T and Yang Y 2021 Rational design of chemically complex metallic glasses by hybrid modeling guided machine learning npj Comput. Mater. 7 1–10
    Ding S, Liu Y, Li Y, Liu Z, Sohn S, Walker F J and Schroers J 2014 Combinatorial development of bulk metallic glasses Nat. Mater. 13 494–500
    Li M X, Zhao S F, Lu Z, Hirata A, Wen P, Bai H Y, Chen M W, Schroers J, Liu Y H and Wang W H 2019 High-temperature bulk metallic glasses developed by combinatorial methods Nature 569 99–103
    Ward L, Agrawal A, Choudhary A and Wolverton C 2016 A general-purpose machine learning framework for predicting properties of inorganic materials npj Comput. Mater. 2 1–7
    Yoshida S, Mizushima T, Makino A and Inoue A 1999 Structure and soft magnetic properties of bulk Fe-based glassy alloy prepared by pulse current sintering Nippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/J. Japan Inst. Met. 63 1097–100
    Ishihara S, Zhang W, Kimura H, Omori M and Inoue A 2003 Consolidation of Fe-Co-Nd-Dy-B glassy powders by spark-plasma sintering and magnetic properties of the consolidated alloys Mater. Trans. 44 138–43
    Pauly S, Löber L, Petters R, Stoica M, Scudino S, Kühn U and Eckert J 2013 Processing metallic glasses by selective laser melting Mater. Today 16 37–41
    Zhang C, Ouyang D, Pauly S and Liu L 2021 3D printing of bulk metallic glasses Mater. Sci. Eng. R 145 100625
    Kawamura Y and Ohno Y 2001 Superplastic bonding of bulk metallic glasses using friction Scr. Mater. 45 279–85
    Kawamura Y, Shoji T and Ohno Y 2003 Welding technologies of bulk metallic glasses J. Non-Cryst. Solids 317 152–7
    Kagao S, Kawamura Y and Ohno Y 2004 Electron-beam welding of Zr-based bulk metallic glasses Mater. Sci. Eng. A 375–377 312–6
    Kawamura Y and Ohno Y 2001 Successful electron-beam welding of bulk metallic glass Mater. Trans. 42 2476–8
    Kawamura Y 2004 Liquid phase and supercooled liquid phase welding of bulk metallic glasses Mater. Sci. Eng. A 375–377 112–9
    Li B, Li Z Y, Xiong J G, Xing L, Wang D and Li Y 2006 Laser welding of Zr45Cu48Al7 bulk glassy alloy J. Alloys Compd. 413 118–21
    Chiba A, Kawamura Y and Nishida M 2008 Explosive welding of ZrTiCuNiBe bulk metallic glass to crystalline metallic plates Materials Science Forum (Trans Tech Publications Ltd) 556 119–24
    Kawamura Y and Ohno Y 2001 Spark welding of Zr55Al10Ni5Cu30 bulk metallic glasses Scr. Mater. 45 127–32
    Chen W, Liu Z and Schroers J 2014 Joining of bulk metallic glasses in air Acta Mater. 62 49–57
    Ma J et al 2019 Fast surface dynamics enabled cold joining of metallic glasses Sci. Adv. 5 eaax7256
    Kawamura Y, Takagi M, Senoo M and Imura T 1988 Preparation of bulk amorphous alloys by high temperature sintering under a high pressure Mater. Sci. Eng. 98 415–8
    Kawamura Y, Inoue A, Sasamori K and Masumoto T 1994 Consolidation mechanism of aluminum-based amorphous alloy powders during warm extrusion Mater. Sci. Eng. A 181–182 1174–8
    Kawamura Y, Kato H, Inoue A and Masumoto T 1995 Full strength compacts by extrusion of glassy metal powder at the supercooled liquid state Appl. Phys. Lett. 67 2008
    Xie G, Zhang W, Louzguine-Luzgin D V, Kimura H and Inoue A 2006 Fabrication of porous Zr-Cu-Al-Ni bulk metallic glass by spark plasma sintering process Scr. Mater. 55 687–90
    Wang D J, Huang Y J, Shen J, Wu Y Q, Huang H and Zou J 2010 Temperature influence on sintering with concurrent crystallization behavior in Ti-based metallic glassy powders Mater. Sci. Eng. A 527 2662–8
    Xie G, Louzguine-Luzgin D V, Kimura H and Inoue A 2007 Nearly full density Ni52.5 Nb10 Zr15 Ti15 Pt7.5 bulk metallic glass obtained by spark plasma sintering of gas atomized powders Appl. Phys. Lett. 90 3–5
    Sun H and Flores K M 2008 Laser deposition of a Cu-based metallic glass powder on a Zr-based glass substrate J. Mater. Res. 23 2692–703
    Wang Q, Liu J J, Ye Y F, Liu T T, Wang S, Liu C T, Lu J and Yang Y 2017 Universal secondary relaxation and unusual brittle-to-ductile transition in metallic glasses Mater. Today 20 293–300
    Cann J L et al 2021 Sustainability through alloy design: challenges and opportunities Prog. Mater. Sci. 117 100722
    Kennedy B W 1998 Energy Efficient Transformers (McGraw Hill Professional) (New York: City) (available at: https://books.google.com.bn/books?id=_CcC0q9ie0C&hl=ms&source=gbs_navlinks_s)
    Kaushik N, Sharma P, Ahadian S, Khademhosseini A, Takahashi M, Makino A, Tanaka S and Esashi M 2014 Metallic glass thin films for potential biomedical applications J. Biomed. Mater. Res. B 102 1544–52
    Li H F and Zheng Y F 2016 Recent advances in bulk metallic glasses for biomedical applications Acta Biomater. 36 1–20
    Chu J P et al 2012 Thin film metallic glasses: unique properties and potential applications Thin Solid Films 520 5097–122
    Yang C, Zhang C, Xing W and Liu L 2018 3D printing of Zr-based bulk metallic glasses with complex geometries and enhanced catalytic properties Intermetallics 94 22–8
    Tan Y, Zhu F, Wang H, Tian Y, Hirata A, Fujita T and Chen M 2017 Noble-metal-free metallic glass as a highly active and stable bifunctional electrocatalyst for water splitting Adv. Mater. Interfaces 4 1601086
    Wu K, Meng Y, Li X, Ma J, Zhang P, Li W, Huo L and Lin H J 2020 Improved alkaline hydrogen evolution performance of a Fe78Si9B13 metallic glass electrocatalyst by ultrasonic vibrations Intermetallics 125 106820
    Turnbull D 1969 Under what conditions can a glass be formed? Contemp. Phys. 10 473–88
    Shintani H and Tanaka H 2006 Frustration on the way to crystallization in glass Nat. Phys. 2 200–6
    Ma D, Tan H, Wang D, Li Y and Ma E 2005 Strategy for pinpointing the best glass-forming alloys Appl. Phys. Lett. 86 1–3
    Wang D, Tan H and Li Y 2005 Multiple maxima of GFA in three adjacent eutectics in Zr-Cu-Al alloy system—a metallographic way to pinpoint the best glass forming alloys Acta Mater. 53 2969–79
    Dai C L, Guo H, Li Y and Xu J 2008 A new composition zone of bulk metallic glass formation in the Cu-Zr-Ti ternary system and its correlation with the eutectic reaction J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354 3659–65
    Wang Q, Liu C T, Yang Y, Dong Y D and Lu J 2011 Atomic-scale structural evolution and stability of supercooled liquid of a Zr-based bulk metallic glass Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 215505
    Wang W H 2014 High-entropy metallic glasses JOM 66 2067–77
    Wada T, Jiang J, Yubuta K, Kato H and Takeuchi A 2019 Septenary Zr–Hf–Ti–Al–Co–Ni–Cu high-entropy bulk metallic glasses with centimeter-scale glass-forming ability Materialia 7 3–8
    Gao X Q, Zhao K, Ke H B, Ding D W, Wang W H and Bai H Y 2011 High mixing entropy bulk metallic glasses J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357 3557–60
    Zhao S F, Shao Y, Liu X, Chen N, Ding H Y and Yao K F 2015 Pseudo-quinary Ti20Zr20Hf20Be20(Cu20-xNix) high entropy bulk metallic glasses with large glass forming ability Mater. Des. 87 625–31
    Ding H Y, Shao Y, Gong P, Li J F and Yao K F 2014 A senary TiZrHfCuNiBe high entropy bulk metallic glass with large glass-forming ability Mater. Lett. 125 151–3
    Takeuchi A, Chen N, Wada T, Yokoyama Y, Kato H, Inoue A and Yeh J W 2011 Pd20Pt20Cu20Ni20P20 high-entropy alloy as a bulk metallic glass in the centimeter Intermetallics 19 1546–54
    Ding H Y and Yao K F 2013 High entropy Ti20Zr20Cu20Ni 20Be20 bulk metallic glass J. Non-Cryst. Solids 364 9–12
    Li Y, Guo Q, Kalb J A and Thompson C V 2008 Matching glass-forming ability with the density of the amorphous phase Science 322 1816–9
    Ding S, Gregoire J, Vlassak J J and Schroers J 2012 Solidification of Au-Cu-Si alloys investigated by a combinatorial approach J. Appl. Phys. 111 114901
    Ren F, Ward L, Williams T, Laws K J, Wolverton C, Hattrick-Simpers J and Mehta A 2018 Accelerated discovery of metallic glasses through iteration of machine learning and high-throughput experiments Sci. Adv. 4 eaaq1566
    Tsai P and Flores K M 2016 High-throughput discovery and characterization of multicomponent bulk metallic glass alloys Acta Mater. 120 426–34
    Tsai P and Flores K M 2014 A combinatorial strategy for metallic glass design via laser deposition Intermetallics 55 162–6
    Inoue A, Shinohara Y, Yokoyama Y and Masumoto T 1995 Solidification analyses of bulky Zr-Al-Ni-Cu-Pd glass produced by casting wedge-shape copper mold Mater. Trans. JIM 36 1276–81
    Laws K J, Gun B and Ferry M 2009 Influence of casting parameters on the critical casting size of bulk metallic glass Metall. Mater. Trans. A 40 2377–87
    Liu X, Li X, He Q, Liang D, Zhou Z, Ma J, Yang Y and Shen J 2020 Machine learning-based glass formation prediction in multicomponent alloys Acta Mater. 201 182–90
    Li M and Flores K M 2020 Laser processing as a high-throughput method to investigate microstructure-processing-property relationships in multiprincipal element alloys J. Alloys Compd. 825 154025
    Tripathi M K, Chattopadhyay P P and Ganguly S 2015 Multivariate analysis and classification of bulk metallic glasses using principal component analysis Comput. Mater. Sci. 107 79–87
    Xiong J, Zhang T Y and Shi S Q 2019 Machine learning prediction of elastic properties and glass-forming ability of bulk metallic glasses MRS Commun. 9 576–85
    Xiong J, Shi S-Q and Zhang T-Y 2019 A machine-learning approach to predicting and understanding the properties of amorphous metallic alloys Mater. Des. 187 108378
    Ward L, O’Keeffe S C, Stevick J, Jelbert G R, Aykol M and Wolverton C 2018 A machine learning approach for engineering bulk metallic glass alloys Acta Mater. 159 102–11
    Cai A H, Xiong X, Liu Y, An W K and Tan J Y 2008 Artificial neural network modeling of reduced glass transition temperature of glass forming alloys Appl. Phys. Lett. 92 10–3
    Sun Y T, Bai H Y, Li M Z and Wang W H 2017 Machine learning approach for prediction and understanding of glass-forming ability J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 8 3434–9
    Zhou Z, Zhou Y, He Q, Ding Z, Li F and Yang Y 2019 Machine learning guided appraisal and exploration of phase design for high entropy alloys npj Comput. Mater. 5 1–9
    Butler K T, Davies W, Cartwright H, Isayev O and Walsh A 2018 Review machine learning for molecular and materials science Nature 559 547–55
    Hart G L W, Mueller T, Toher C and Curtarolo S 2021 Machine learning for alloys Nat. Rev. Mater. 6 730–55
    Kawazoe Y, Carow-Watamura U and Louzguine D V 1997 Phase Diagrams and Physical Properties of Nonequilibrium Alloys (Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG; Publisher location: Berlin, Germany) (https://doi.org/10.1007/b58222)
    Kawazoe Y 1997 Nonequilibrium phase diagrams of ternary amorphous alloys 37 1–129
    Long Z, Wei H, Ding Y, Zhang P, Xie G and Inoue A 2009 A new criterion for predicting the glass-forming ability of bulk metallic glasses J. Alloys Compd. 475 207–19
    Dasgupta A, Broderick S R, Mack C, Kota B U, Subramanian R, Setlur S, Govindaraju V and Rajan K 2019 Probabilistic assessment of glass forming ability rules for metallic glasses aided by automated analysis of phase diagrams Sci. Rep. 9 1–12
    Senkov O N, Miller J D, Miracle D B and Woodward C 2015 Accelerated exploration of multi-principal element alloys for structural applications CALPHAD, Comput. Coupling Phase Diagr. 50 32–48
    Samavatian M, Gholamipour R and Samavatian V 2021 Discovery of novel quaternary bulk metallic glasses using a developed correlation-based neural network approach Comput. Mater. Sci. 186 110025
    Ren B, Long Z and Deng R 2021 A new criterion for predicting the glass-forming ability of alloys based on machine learning Comput. Mater. Sci. 189 110259
    Cai A H, Liu Y, An W K, Zhou G J, Luo Y, Li T L, Li X S and Tan X F 2013 Prediction of critical cooling rate for glass forming alloys by artificial neural network Mater. Des. 52 671–6
    Deng B and Zhang Y 2020 Critical feature space for predicting the glass forming ability of metallic alloys revealed by machine learning Chem. Phys. 538 110898
    Mastropietro D G and Moya J A 2021 Design of Fe-based bulk metallic glasses for maximum amorphous diameter (Dmax) using machine learning models Comput. Mater. Sci. 188 110230
    Majid A, Ahsan S B and Tariq N U H 2015 Modeling glass-forming ability of bulk metallic glasses using computational intelligent techniques Appl. Soft Comput. J. 28 569–78
    Ghiringhelli L M, Vybiral J, Levchenko S V, Draxl C and Scheffler M 2015 Big data of materials science: critical role of the descriptor Phys. Rev. Lett. 114 105503
    Zhang Y and Ling C 2018 A strategy to apply machine learning to small datasets in materials science npj Comput. Mater. 4 28–33
    Ishihara S, Zhang W and Inoue A 2002 Hot pressing of Fe-Co-Nd-Dy-B glassy powders in supercooled liquid state and hard magnetic properties of the consolidated alloys Scr. Mater. 47 231–5
    Sun Y, Concustell A and Greer A L 2016 Thermomechanical processing of metallic glasses: extending the range of the glassy state Nat. Rev. Mater. 1 1–14
    Somekawa H, Inoue A and Higashi K 2004 Superplastic and diffusion bonding behavior on Zr-Al-Ni-Cu metallic glass in supercooled liquid region Scr. Mater. 50 1395–9
    Kuo P H, Wang S H, Liaw P K, Fan G J, Tsang H T, Qiao D and Jiang F 2010 Bulk-metallic glasses joining in a supercooled-liquid region Mater. Chem. Phys. 120 532–6
    Choi P P, Kim J S, Nguyen O T H, Kwon D H, Kwon Y S and Kim J C 2007 Al-La-Ni-Fe bulk metallic glasses produced by mechanical alloying and spark-plasma sintering Mater. Sci. Eng. A 449–451 1119–22
    Cardinal S, Pelletier J M, Qiao J C, Bonnefont G and Xie G 2016 Influence of spark plasma sintering parameters on the mechanical properties of Cu50Zr45Al5 bulk metallic glass obtained using metallic glass powder Mater. Sci. Eng. A 677 116–24
    Zheng B, Ashford D, Zhou Y, Mathaudhu S N, Delplanque J P and Lavernia E J 2013 Influence of mechanically milled powder and high pressure on spark plasma sintering of Mg-Cu-Gd metallic glasses Acta Mater. 61 4414–28
    Munir Z A, Anselmi-Tamburini U and Ohyanagi M 2006 The effect of electric field and pressure on the synthesis and consolidation of materials: a review of the spark plasma sintering method J. Mater. Sci. 41 763–77
    Kelly J P, Fuller S M, Seo K, Novitskaya E, Eliasson V, Hodge A M and Graeve O A 2016 Designing in situ and ex situ bulk metallic glass composites via spark plasma sintering in the super cooled liquid state Mater. Des. 93 26–38
    Kim C K, Lee S, Shin S Y and Kim D H 2008 Effects of consolidation temperature and pressure on microstructures and mechanical properties of Cu-based bulk amorphous alloys consolidated by spark plasma sintering J. Alloys Compd. 453 108–14
    Shoji T, Kawamura Y and Ohno Y 2004 Friction welding of bulk metallic glasses to different ones Mater. Sci. Eng. A 375–377 394–8
    Shin H S, Jeong Y J, Choi H Y, Kato H and Inoue A 2007 Joining of Zr-based bulk metallic glasses using the friction welding method J. Alloys Compd. 434–435 102–5
    Ohkubo T, Shoji S, Kawamura Y and Hono K 2005 Nanostructure analysis of friction welded Pd-Ni-P/Pd-Cu-Ni-P metallic glass interface Scr. Mater. 53 493–7
    Sun Y, Ji Y, Fujii H, Nakata K and Nogi K 2010 Microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded joint of Zr55Cu30Al10Ni5 bulk metallic glass with pure copper Mater. Sci. Eng. A 527 3427–32
    Jamili-Shirvan Z, Haddad-Sabzevar M, Vahdati-Khaki J, Chen N, Shi Q and Yao K F 2016 Microstructure characterization and mechanical properties of Ti-based bulk metallic glass joints prepared with friction stir spot welding process Mater. Des. 100 120–31
    Liu Z, Chen W, Carstensen J, Ketkaew J, Mota R M O, Guest J K and Schroers J 2016 3D metallic glass cellular structures Acta Mater. 105 35–43
    Peng Q, Xie Y, Zhu B, Chen W, Schroers J, Chen M and Liu Z 2020 Joining mechanism of bulk metallic glasses in their supercooled liquid region J. Mater. Process. Technol. 279 116583
    Pauly S, Schricker C, Scudino S, Deng L and Kühn U 2017 Processing a glass-forming Zr-based alloy by selective laser melting Mater. Des. 135 133–41
    Ouyang D, Xing W, Li N, Li Y and Liu L 2018 Structural evolutions in 3D-printed Fe-based metallic glass fabricated by selective laser melting Addit. Manuf. 23 246–52
    Jung H Y, Choi S J, Prashanth K G, Stoica M, Scudino S, Yi S, Kühn U, Kim D H, Kim K B and Eckert J 2015 Fabrication of Fe-based bulk metallic glass by selective laser melting: a parameter study Mater. Des. 86 703–8
    Ouyang D, Li N, Xing W, Zhang J and Liu L 2017 3D printing of crack-free high strength Zr-based bulk metallic glass composite by selective laser melting Intermetallics 90 128–34
    Li N, Zhang J, Xing W, Ouyang D and Liu L 2018 3D printing of Fe-based bulk metallic glass composites with combined high strength and fracture toughness Mater. Des. 143 285–96
    Yang C, Zhang C and Liu L 2018 Excellent degradation performance of 3D hierarchical nanoporous structures of copper towards organic pollutants J. Mater. Chem. A 6 20992–1002
    Zhang C, Li X-M, Liu S-Q, Liu H, Yu L-J and Liu L 2019 3D printing of Zr-based bulk metallic glasses and components for potential biomedical applications J. Alloys Compd. 790 963–73
    Nicholas E D 2003 Friction processes technologies Weld. World 47 2–9
    Uday M B, Fauzi M N A, Zuhailawati H and Ismail A B 2010 Advances in friction welding process: a review Sci. Technol. Weld. Join. 15 534–58
    Schroers J 2005 The superplastic forming of bulk metallic glasses JOM 57 35–39
    Schroers J 2010 Processing of bulk metallic glass Adv. Mater. 22 1566–97
    Swiston A J, Hufnagel T C and Weihs T P 2003 Joining bulk metallic glass using reactive multilayer foils Scr. Mater. 48 1575–80
    Guo S F, Chan K C, Zhu Z Q, Wu Z R, Chen W and Song M 2016 Microstructure and tensile behavior of small scale resistance spot welding of sandwich bulk metallic glasses J. Non-Cryst. Solids 447 300–6
    Liu L H, Yang C, Kang L M, Qu S G, Li X Q, Zhang W W, Chen W P, Li Y Y, Li P J and Zhang L C 2016 A new insight into high-strength Ti62Nb12.2Fe13.6Co6.4Al5.8 alloys with bimodal microstructure fabricated by semi-solid sintering Sci. Rep. 6 1–7
    Kawamura Y, Kagao S and Ohno Y 2001 Electron beam welding of Zr-based bulk metallic glass to crystalline Zr metal Mater. Trans. 42 2649–51
    Hanliang L, Ning L, Xiaojie L, Xin S, Tao S and Zhanguo M 2019 Joining of Zr60Ti17Cu12Ni11 bulk metallic glass and aluminum 1060 by underwater explosive welding method J. Manuf. Process. 45 115–22
    Kawamura Y, Ohno Y and Chiba A 2002 Development of welding technologies in bulk metallic glasses J. Metastable Nanocryst. Mater. 13 553–8
    Liu K X, Liu W D, Wang J T, Yan H H, Li X J, Huang Y J, Wei X S and Shen J 2008 Atomic-scale bonding of bulk metallic glass to crystalline aluminum Appl. Phys. Lett. 93 13–16
    Jiang M Q, Huang B M, Jiang Z J, Lu C and Dai L H 2015 Joining of bulk metallic glass to brass by thick-walled cylinder explosion Scr. Mater. 97 17–20
    Williams E and Lavery N 2017 Laser processing of bulk metallic glass: a review J. Mater. Process. Technol. 247 73–91
    Kim J, Lee D, Shin S and Lee C 2006 Phase evolution in Cu54Ni6Zr22Ti18 bulk metallic glass Nd: YAGlaser weld Mater. Sci. Eng. A 434 194–201
    Kawahito Y, Terajima T, Kimura H, Kuroda T, Nakata K, Katayama S and Inoue A 2008 High-power fiber laser welding and its application to metallic glass Zr55Al10Ni5Cu30 Mater. Sci. Eng. B 148 105–9
    Shao L, Datye A, Huang J, Ketkaew J, Sohn S W, Zhao S, Wu S, Zhang Y, Schwarz U D and Schroers J 2017 Pulsed laser beam welding of Pd43Cu27Ni10P20 bulk metallic glass Sci. Rep. 7 1–7
    Li J F, Sun Y H, Ding D W, Wang W H and Bai H Y 2020 Nanosecond-pulsed laser welding of metallic glass J. Non-Cryst. Solids 537 120016
    Wang G, Huang Y J, Shagiev M and Shen J 2012 Laser welding of Ti 40Zr 25Ni 3Cu 12Be 20 bulk metallic glass Mater. Sci. Eng. A 541 33–7
    Sohrabi N, Jhabvala J and Logé R E 2021 Additive manufacturing of bulk metallic glasses—process, challenges and properties: a review Metals 11 1279
    Katakam S, Hwang J Y, Paital S, Banerjee R, Vora H and Dahotre N B 2012 In situ laser synthesis of Fe-based amorphous matrix composite coating on structural steel Metall. Mater. Trans. A 43 4957–66
    Herzog D, Seyda V, Wycisk E and Emmelmann C 2016 Additive manufacturing of metals Acta Mater. 117 371–92
    Liu H, Jiang Q, Huo J, Zhang Y, Yang W and Li X 2020 Crystallization in additive manufacturing of metallic glasses: a review Addit. Manuf. 36 101568
    Li Z, Huang Z, Sun F, Li X and Ma J 2020 Forming of metallic glasses: mechanisms and processes Mater. Today Adv. 7 100077
    Li Z and Ma J 2021 Water-repellent surfaces of metallic glasses: fabrication and application Mater. Today Adv. 12 100164
    Liang X, Zhu X, Li X, Mo R, Liu Y, Wu K and Ma J 2020 High-entropy alloy and amorphous alloy composites fabricated by ultrasonic vibrations Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 63 1–5
    Sun F, Wang B, Luo F, Yan Y Q, Ke H B, Ma J, Shen J and Wang W H 2020 Shear punching of bulk metallic glasses under low stress Mater. Des. 190 108595
    Sohrabi S, Li M X, Bai H Y, Ma J, Wang W H and Greer A L 2020 Energy storage oscillation of metallic glass induced by high-intensity elastic stimulation Appl. Phys. Lett. 116 81901
    Yuan C, Lv Z, Pang C, Li X, Liu R, Yang C, Ma J, Ke H, Wang W and Shen B 2021 Ultrasonic-assisted plastic flow in a Zr-based metallic glass Sci. China Mater. 64 448–59
    Li X et al 2020 Ultrasonic plasticity of metallic glass near room temperature Appl. Mater. Today 21 100866
    Li H, Yan Y, Sun F, Li K, Luo F and Ma J 2019 Shear punching of amorphous alloys under high-frequency vibrations Metals 9 1158
    Luo F, Sun F, Li K, Gong F, Liang X, Wu X and Ma J 2018 Ultrasonic assisted micro-shear punching of amorphous alloy Mater. Res. Lett. 6 545–51
    Li X, Liang X, Zhang Z, Ma J and Shen J 2020 Cold joining to fabricate large size metallic glasses by the ultrasonic vibrations Scr. Mater. 185 100–4
    Huang Z, Fu J, Li X, Wen W, Lin H, Lou Y, Luo F, Zhang Z, Liang X and Ma J 2021 Ultrasonic-assisted rapid cold welding of bulk metallic glasses Sci. China Mater. 64 1–8
    Ma L, Wang L, Zhang T and Inoue A 2002 Bulk glass formation of Ti-Zr-Hf-Cu-M (M=Fe, Co, Ni) alloys Mater. Trans. 43 277–80
    Yeh J W, Chen S K, Lin S J, Gan J Y, Chin T S, Shun T T, Tsau C H and Chang S Y 2004 Nanostructured high-entropy alloys with multiple principal elements: novel alloy design concepts and outcomes Adv. Eng. Mater. 6 299–303
    Cantor B, Chang I T H, Knight P and Vincent A J B 2004 Microstructural development in equiatomic multicomponent alloys Mater. Sci. Eng. A 375–377 213–8
    Yang M, Liu X J, Wu Y, Wang H, Jiang S H, Wang X Z and Lu Z P 2020 Research progress on high-entropy bulk metallic glasses Sci. Sin. Phys. Mech. Astron. 50 067003
    Wu K, Liu C, Li Q, Huo J, Li M, Chang C and Sun Y 2019 Magnetocaloric effect of Fe25Co25Ni25Mo5P10B10 high-entropy bulk metallic glass J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 489 165404
    Huo J, Huo L, Li J, Men H, Wang X, Inoue A, Chang C, Wang J Q and Li R W 2015 High-entropy bulk metallic glasses as promising magnetic refrigerants J. Appl. Phys. 117 073902
    Li J, Xue L, Yang W, Yuan C, Huo J and Shen B 2018 Distinct spin glass behavior and excellent magnetocaloric effect in Er20Dy20Co20Al20RE20 (RE = Gd, Tb and Tm) high-entropy bulk metallic glasses Intermetallics 96 90–3
    Huo J T, Zhao D Q, Bai H Y, Axinte E and Wang W H 2013 Giant magnetocaloric effect in Tm-based bulk metallic glasses J. Non-Cryst. Solids 359 1–4
    Ray R and Musso E 1976 Amorphous Alloys in the U-Cr-V System (available at: https://patents.google.com/patent/ US3981722A/en)
    Elliott R O and Giessen B C 1982 On the formation of metallic glasses based on U, Np or Pu Acta Metall. 30 785–9
    Drehman A J and Poon S J 1985 Anomalous glass-forming ability of uranium-based alloys J. Non-Cryst. Solids 76 321–32
    Huang H, Zhang P G, Ke H, Zhang P and Liu T 2016 Progress of uranium-contain amorphous alloy Mater. Rep. 30 564–7 (available at: Article/Detail?id=670790822)
    Zhang P, Pu Z, Zhang P, Huang H, Cai D and Wang Y 2020 U-Fe-Al metallic glasses with superior glass forming ability and corrosion resistance J. Mater. Res. Technol. 9 6209–16
    Ke H B, Zhang P, Sun B A, Zhang P G, Liu T W, Chen P H, Wu M and Huang H G 2019 Dissimilar nanoscaled structural heterogeneity in U-based metallic glasses revealed by nanoindentation J. Alloys Compd. 788 391–6
    Huang H G, Wang Y M, Chen L, Pu Z, Zhang P G and Liu T W 2015 Study on formation and corrosion resistance of amorphous alloy in U-Co system Acta Met. Sin. 51 623
    Zhang L, Yi T, Huang H-G, Zhang P, Zhang F-G, Wu M and Fa C 2021 Phase separation and solidification sequence of uranium-based amorphous composites Acta Met. Sin. 57 0
    Han L-H, Ke H-B, Zhang P, Sang G and Huang H-G 2021 Kinetic crystallization behavior of amorphous U60Fe27. 5Al12. 5 alloy Acta Met. Sin. 57 0
    Huang H, Zhang P, Zhang P and Wang Q 2020 Comparison of glass forming ability between U-Co and U-Fe base systems Acta Metall. Sin. 56 849–54
    Xu H, Ke H, Huang H, Zhang P, Zhang P and Liu T 2017 Nanoindentation creep behavior of U65Fe30Al5 amorphous alloy Acta Metall. Sin. 53 817–23
    Ke H B, Pu Z, Zhang P, Zhang P G, Xu H Y, Huang H G, Liu T W and Wang Y M 2017 Research progress in U-based amorphous alloys Acta Phys. Sin. 66 176104
    Huang H, Ke H, Zhang P and Zhang P 2019 U-based binary strong glass forming system J. Non-Cryst. Solids 511 68–75
    Xu H, Ke H, Huang H, Zhang P, Pu Z, Zhang P and Liu T 2018 U-based metallic glasses with superior glass forming ability J. Nucl. Mater. 499 372–6
    Huang H, Ke H, Zhang P, Pu Z, Zou D, Zhang P, Shi T, Zhang L and Liu T 2018 U-involved sphere-dispersed metallic glass matrix composites Mater. Des. 157 371–6
    Huogen H, Haibo K, Tianwei L, Pengguo Z, Xiane T and Yingmin W 2018 Effect of minor alloying on the glass forming ability of U-Co alloy RARE Met. Mater. Eng. 47 990–4 (available at: www.rmme.ac.cn/rmme/ch/reader/ view_abstract.aspx?journal_id=rmme&file_no=20160075& html_url=rmme/article/html/20160075)
    Ke H B, Xu H Y, Huang H G, Liu T W, Zhang P, Wu M, Zhang P G and Wang Y M 2017 Non-isothermal crystallization behavior of U-based amorphous alloy J. Alloys Compd. 691 436–41
    Huang H, Xu H, Zhang P, Wang Y, Ke H, Zhang P and Liu T 2016 U-Cr binary alloys with anomalous glass-forming ability Acta Met. Sin. 53 233–8
    Huang H G, Ke H B, Zhang P, Wang Y M, Zhang P G, Wu M and Liu T W 2016 Effect of minor alloying on the glass formation of U-based alloys J. Alloys Compd. 688 599–604
    Huang H G, Ke H B, Wang Y M, Pu Z, Zhang P, Zhang P G and Liu T W 2016 Stable U-based metallic glasses J. Alloys Compd. 684 75–83
    Villap´un V M, Dover L G, Cross A and Gonz´alez S 2016 Antibacterial metallic touch surfaces Materials 9 736
    Lin B, Mu R, Yang L and Bian X 2012 Antibacterial effect of metallic glasses Chin. Sci. Bull. 57 1069–72
    Villap´un V M, Zhang H, Howden C, Chow L C, Esat F, Pérez P, Sort J, Bull S, Stach J and Gonz´alez S 2017 Antimicrobial and wear performance of Cu-Zr-Al metallic glass composites Mater. Des. 115 93–102
    Chu J P, Liu T Y, Li C L, Wang C H, Jang J S C, Chen M J, Chang S H and Huang W C 2014 Fabrication and characterizations of thin film metallic glasses: antibacterial property and durability study for medical application Thin Solid Films 561 102–7
    Gadi B and Jeffrey G 2005 Copper as a biocidal tool Curr. Med. Chem. 12 2163–75
    Grass G, Rensing C and Solioz M 2011 Metallic copper as an antimicrobial surface Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 77 1541–7
    Villap´un V M, Qu B, Lund P A, Wei W, Dover L G, Thompson J R, Adesina J O, Hoerdemann C, Cox S and Gonz´alez S 2020 Optimizing the antimicrobial performance of metallic glass composites through surface texturing Mater. Today Commun. 23 101074
    Villap´un V M, Tardío S, Cumpson P, Burgess J G, Dover L G and Gonz´alez S 2019 Antimicrobial properties of Cu-based bulk metallic glass composites after surface modification Surf. Coat. Technol. 372 111–20
    Villap´un V M, Esat F, Bull S, Dover L G and Gonzalez S 2017 Tuning the mechanical and antimicrobial performance of a Cu-based metallic glass composite through cooling rate control and annealing Materials 10 506
    El-Eskandrany M S and Al-Azmi A 2016 Potential applications of cold sprayed Cu50Ti20Ni30 metallic glassy alloy powders for antibacterial protective coating in medical and food sectors J. Mech. Behav. Biomed. Mater. 56 183–94
    Silveyra J M, Ferrara E, Huber D L and Monson T C 2018 Soft magnetic materials for a sustainable and electrified world Science 263 eaao019
    Gutfleisch O, Willard M A, Brück E, Chen C H, Sankar S G and Liu J P 2011 Magnetic materials and devices for the 21st century: stronger, lighter, and more energy efficient Adv. Mater. 23 821–42
    Azuma D and Hasegawa R 2008 Audible noise from amorphous metal and silicon steel-based transformer core IEEE Trans. Magn. 44 4104–6
    Wang A, Zhao C, Men H, He A, Chang C, Wang X and Li R-W 2015 Fe-based amorphous alloys for wide ribbon production with high Bs and outstanding amorphous forming ability J. Alloys Compd. 630 209–13
    Wang A, Zhao C, He A, Men H, Chang C and Wang X 2016 Composition design of high Bs Fe-based amorphous alloys with good amorphous-forming ability J. Alloys Compd. 656 729–34
    Ogawa Y, Naoe M, Yoshizawa Y and Hasegawa R 2006 Magnetic properties of high Bs Fe-based amorphous material J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 304 e675–e7
    Shi L and Yao K 2020 Composition design for Fe-based soft magnetic amorphous and nanocrystalline alloys with high Fe content Mater. Des. 189 108511
    Li H, Wang A, Liu T, Chen P, He A, Li Q, Luan J and Liu C-T 2021 Design of Fe-based nanocrystalline alloys with superior magnetization and manufacturability Mater. Today 42 49–56
    Chen P, Wang A, Zhao C, He A, Wang G, Chang C, Wang X and Liu C-T 2017 Development of soft magnetic amorphous alloys with distinctly high Fe content Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron. 60 106111
    Chen P, Liu T, Kong F, Wang A, Yu C, Wang G, Chang C and Wang X 2018 Ferromagnetic element microalloying and clustering effects in high Bs Fe-based amorphous alloys J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 34 793–8
    Zhao C, Wang A, He A, Chang C and Liu C-T 2021 Nano-heterogeneity-stabilized and magnetic-interaction-modulated metallic glasses Sci. China Mater. 64 1813–9
    Zhao C, Wang A, He A, Yue S, Chang C, Wang X and Li R-W 2016 Correlation between soft-magnetic properties and Tx1-Tc in high Bs FeCoSiBPC amorphous alloys J. Alloys Compd. 659 193–7
    Rohr L, Reimann P, Richmond T and Güntherodt H-J 1991 Refractory metallic glasses Mater. Sci. Eng. A 133 715–7
    Yoshimoto R, Nogi Y, Tamura R and Takeuchi S 2007 Fabrication of refractory metal based metallic glasses Mater. Sci. Eng. A 449 260–3
    Howard J, Carlson K and Chidambaram D 2021 High-temperature metallic glasses: status, needs, and opportunities Phys. Rev. Mater. 5 40301
    Phillips W and Chidambaram D 2019 Corrosion of stainless steel 316L in molten LiCl-Li2O-Li J. Nucl. Mater. 517 241–53
    Rodriguez D, Merwin A and Chidambaram D 2014 On the oxidation of stainless steel alloy 304 in subcritical and supercritical water J. Nucl. Mater. 452 440–5
    Wang Y-T, He Q-F, Wang Z-J, Li M-X, Liu Y-H, Yang Y, Sun B-A and Wang W-H 2021 Exceptionally shear-stable and ultra-strong Ir-Ni-Ta high-temperature metallic glasses at micro/nano scales Sci. China Mater. 64 1–7
    Wang Z, Li M, Yu J, Ge X, Liu Y and Wang W 2020 Low-iridium-content IrNiTa metallic glass films as intrinsically active catalysts for hydrogen evolution reaction Adv. Mater. 32 1906384
    Carmo M, Sekol R C, Ding S, Kumar G, Schroers J and Taylor A D 2011 Bulk metallic glass nanowire architecture for electrochemical applications ACS Nano 5 2979–83
    Chen J K, Chen W T, Cheng C C, Yu C C and Chu J P 2018 Metallic glass nanotube arrays: preparation and surface characterizations Mater. Today 21 178–85
    Van Toan N, Tuoi T T K, Tsai Y C, Lin Y C and Ono T 2020 Micro-fabricated presure sensor using 50 nm-thick of Pd-based metallic glass freestanding membrane Sci. Rep. 10 1–9
    Lin Y C, Tsai Y C, Ono T, Liu P, Esashi M, Gessner T and Chen M 2015 Metallic glass as a mechanical material for microscanners Adv. Funct. Mater. 25 5677–82
    Kumar G, Desai A and Schroers J 2011 Bulk metallic glass: the smaller the better Adv. Mater. 23 461–76
    Cai C N, Zhang C, Sun Y S, Huang H H, Yang C and Liu L 2017 ZrCuFeAlAg thin film metallic glass for potential dental applications Intermetallics 86 80–7
    Li J, Doubek G, McMillon-Brown L and Taylor A D 2019 Recent advances in metallic glass nanostructures: synthesis strategies and electrocatalytic applications Adv. Mater. 31 1–28
    Jang D and Greer J R 2010 Transition from a strong-yet-brittle to astronger-and-ductile state by size reductionofmetallicglasses Nat. Mater. 9 215–9
    Li F C, Wang S, He Q F, Zhang H, Sun B A, Lu Y and Yang Y 2017 The stochastic transition from size dependent to size independent yield strength in metallic glasses J. Mech. Phys. Solids 109 200–16
    Korkmaz S and Kariper A 2020 Glass formation, production and superior properties of Zr-based thin film metallic glasses (TFMGs): a status review J. Non-Cryst. Solids 527 119753
    Chiang P T, Chen G J, Jian S R, Shih Y H, Jang J S C and Lai C H 2010 Surface antimicrobial effects of Zr61Al7.5Ni10Cu17.5Si4 thin film metallic glasses on Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii and Candida albicans Fooyin J. Health Sci. 2 12–20
    Jia H, Liu F, An Z, Li W, Wang G, Chu J P, Jang J S C, Gao Y and Liaw P K 2014 Thin-film metallic glasses for substrate fatigue-property improvements Thin Solid Films 561 2–27
    Chu J P, Diyatmika W, Tseng Y J, Liu Y K, Liao W C, Chang S H, Chen M J, Lee J W and Jang J S C 2019 Coating cutting blades with thin-film metallic glass to enhance sharpness Sci. Rep. 9 1–11
    Chu J P, Yu C C, Tanatsugu Y, Yasuzawa M and Shen Y L 2016 Non-stick syringe needles: beneficial effects of thin film metallic glass coating Sci. Rep. 6 1–7
    Chu J P, Liao W C, Yiu P, Chiou M T and Su K H 2020 Metallic glass coating for improved needle tattooing performance in reducing trauma: analysis on porcine and pig skins Sci. Rep. 10 1–12
  • 加载中



    Article Metrics

    Article Views(1105) PDF downloads(167)
    Article Statistics
    Related articles from


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint