Volume 3 Issue 1
March  2024
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Xuanyu Shan, Ya Lin, Zhongqiang Wang, Xiaoning Zhao, Ye Tao, Haiyang Xu, Yichun Liu. Emerging multimodal memristors for biorealistic neuromorphic applications[J]. Materials Futures, 2024, 3(1): 012701. doi: 10.1088/2752-5724/ad119e
Citation: Xuanyu Shan, Ya Lin, Zhongqiang Wang, Xiaoning Zhao, Ye Tao, Haiyang Xu, Yichun Liu. Emerging multimodal memristors for biorealistic neuromorphic applications[J]. Materials Futures, 2024, 3(1): 012701. doi: 10.1088/2752-5724/ad119e
Topical Review •

Emerging multimodal memristors for biorealistic neuromorphic applications

© 2024 The Author(s). Published by IOP Publishing Ltd on behalf of the Songshan Lake Materials Laboratory
Materials Futures, Volume 3, Number 1
  • Received Date: 2023-10-07
  • Accepted Date: 2023-11-23
  • Publish Date: 2024-01-03
  • The integration of sensory information from different modalities, such as touch and vision, is essential for organisms to perform behavioral functions such as decision-making, learning, and memory. Artificial implementation of human multi-sensory perception using electronic supports is of great significance for achieving efficient human–machine interaction. Thanks to their structural and functional similarity with biological synapses, memristors are emerging as promising nanodevices for developing artificial neuromorphic perception. Memristive devices can sense multidimensional signals including light, pressure, and sound. Their in-sensor computing architecture represents an ideal platform for efficient multimodal perception. We review recent progress in multimodal memristive technology and its application to neuromorphic perception of complex stimuli carrying visual, olfactory, auditory, and tactile information. At the device level, the operation model and undergoing mechanism have also been introduced. Finally, we discuss the challenges and prospects associated with this rapidly progressing field of research.

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